A household is in fuel poverty if they cannot afford to adequately heat their home. Fuel poverty and living in a cold home can lead to poor health and financial stress. Someone in fuel poverty will be cold, often unwell, and making difficult decisions whether to heat or eat.
Three main factors cause fuel poverty:
- The cost of energy
- poorly insulated and energy-efficient homes
- low incomes
Fuel poverty in England is now measured using the Low-Income Low Energy Efficiency (LILEE) indicator rather than the old Low Income High Costs (LIHC) indicator.
Under the LILEE indicator, a household is considered to be fuel poor if:
- they are living in a property with a fuel poverty energy efficiency rating of band D or below, and
- when they spend the required amount to heat their home, they are left with a residual income below the official poverty line
If you or someone you know are struggling to keep warm at home, the following help is available.